Your guide to understanding all aspects of breast cancer
Early detection and diagnosis always increase your chances of receiving successful treatment and beating all forms of cancer – especially breast cancer. Detecting breast cancer early will significantly boost your odds of survival. Hence, it is important to adhere to the recommended screening protocol for your age group so that you and your physician can detect and test any anomalies or changes.
The breast is the tissue covering the chest or pectoral muscles. The glandular tissue is made up of 15 to 20 sections called lobes, and each lobe has smaller structures called lobules. The lobules end in dozens of tiny bulbs that produce milk. This entire network of lobes, lobules, and bulbs are linked by thin tubes called ducts. The breast also contains a network of blood vessels, lymph vessels, and lymph nodes. This network drains lymph fluid and transports white blood cells. Groups of lymph nodes are found near the breast, under the arm, in the chest, and above the collar bone.
Breast cancer often begins with cells in the ducts or in the glandular tissues. These cells grow in an abnormal or uncontrolled manner and form a malignant tumour. Cancer may sometimes spread or metastasize through the breast cells and tissue to the lymph nodes and to other parts of the body.
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