Understanding Endometrial Cancer and
How To Manage It

Your guide to understanding all aspects of endometrial cancer

Cancer has shown me what family is. It showed me a love that I never knew really existed.

Michael Douglas

Early detection and diagnosis always increase your chances of receiving successful treatment and beating all forms of cancer – including endometrial cancer. Detecting endometrial cancer early will significantly boost your odds of survival. Hence, it is important to adhere to the recommended screening protocol for your age group so that you and your physician can detect and test any anomalies or changes.

You can read the section that details the various types of cancer before embarking on the journey to understand endometrial cancer better. Read more

Let’s understand
the anatomy first

The uterus is the pear-shaped hollow organ, which is part of the pelvis – the area below your stomach and in between your hip bones. The inner lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. Fetal development occurs in the uterus or the womb during pregnancy. The uterus has two main parts:

  • The upper part of the uterus is called the body or the corpus
  • The cervix is the lower end of the uterus and connects it to the vagina

Uterine cancers refer to cancers that start in the body of the uterus, not the cervix. Cervical cancer is a separate type of cancer. Read more

The body of the uterus has two main parts:

  • The myometrium is the outer layer. It is a thick layer of muscle that helps push the baby out during childbirth.
  • The endometrium is the inner layer. During a normal menstrual cycle, hormones cause the endometrium to change. A hormone called estrogen causes the endometrium to thicken, so it can sustain and nourish an embryo if pregnancy occurs. If pregnancy does not occur, estrogen is produced in lower amounts and the body produces more of a hormone called progesterone. The progesterone causes the endometrial lining to shed from the uterus, causing the menstrual flow (period). This cycle repeats until menopause.

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